Journal Article | The Politics of Gender Policies: A Comparative Framework applied to the Peruvian Case
Through an analysis of gender policies, this article seeks to advance the study of women’s substantive representation. Traditional and non-traditional actors or agents shape policy outcomes, but it is important to observe the policy environment and political opportunities that are involved in reforms. Selected gender policies in the Peruvian context provide evidence of such dynamics. This article proposes a framework for analysing variations in gender policy outcomes in the Peruvian case by mapping factors of influence such as the presence of critical actors (e.g. National Congress, non-government organisations, government agencies), features of the policy environment (international legal standards and public opinion) and presidential support. The author argues that gender equality policies are influenced by the usual policy-making elements but also by the doctrines of the Catholic Church and, more recently, evangelical churches. The article also critically examines the instrumentality of unexpected allies as regards the discourse on women’s rights, and it sheds light on the role of church-state relations in framing the policy debate. As the literature suggests, an enabling environment and a confluence of agents are required to implement policy reforms. However, the effect of presidential support in regimes that hinder major policy reforms relating to women’s rights is much more important than theory has anticipated.
Rodriguez Olivari, Denisse (2018): The Politics of Gender Policies: A Comparative Framework applied to the Peruvian Case. In Politeia 37 (2), p. 26. DOI: 10.25159/0256-8845/4538.
Book Chapter | Partidos pobres, campañas ricas
Rodriguez Olivari, Denisse (2017) ‘Partidos pobres, campañas ricas’ in Perú: elecciones 2016: Un país dividido y un resultado inesperado, Tuesta Soldevilla, F. (ed.), Fondo Editorial de la Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú: Lima.
Discussion Paper | The role of the Organization of American States promoting democracy
The 2001 Inter-American Democratic Charter (IADC) was the culmination of a series of efforts to consolidate democracy, and the result of responses and sanctions to address institutional breakdowns in the Americas. Its key feature is the ability to apply sanctions on states that violate democratic norms. In this sense, the IADC—like every democracy clause—is a provision (or set of provisions) in an international instrument that subjects the admission, participation or permanence in certain organizations, and/or the maintenance of diplomatic, economic or cooperation relations among signatory parties, to the obligation that each state has a democratic system of government in place.
This Discussion Paper provides a brief note on the state of democracy in the region and an analysis of what constitutes an application of the democracy clause. It then examines the limitations of its implementation while presenting two case studies of OAS interventions during democratic breakdowns. Finally, it critically assesses the role of the organization as a gatekeeper of democracy and constitutional order in the Americas, and offers preventive and corrective policy recommendations for an established criteria and swift responses to threats to democracy.
Rodriguez Olivari, Denisse (2014) The role of the Organization of American States promoting democracy. Report commissioned by the Inter-Regional Democracy Resource Centre - International IDEA.
Book Chapter | Programmatic, disciplinary and representative dimensions of the parliament performance
Maldonado, A., Boyle, E., Hinojosa, K., Nuñez, A., Rodriguez, D. & Valladares, J. (2009) ‘Programmatic, disciplinary and representative dimensions of the parliament performance’ in Party caucuses, party discipline and professional performance in the Peruvian legislature, J. Valladares (ed), Antonio Ruiz de Montoya University and International IDEA, Lima.